China Standard RV-E Cycloidal Pin Wheel Precision Reducer cycloidal gearbox efficiency

Product Description

Details Photos:

1.It is equipped with an angular contact ball bearing, so it can support the external load with the rigid moment and large allowable moment
2.Easy assemble, small vibration
3.It can reduce the motor straight junction (input gear) and inertia
4.Large torsional rigidity
5.Strong impact resistance (500% of rated torque)
6.The crankshaft is supported by 2 columns in the reducer
7.Excellent starting efficiency & Small wear and long service life
8.Small backlash (1arc. Min.) & Use rolling bearing
9.Strong impact resistance (500% of rated torque)
10.The number of simultaneous engagements between RV gear and needle teeth is large

1. High precision, high torque
2. Dedicated technical personnel can be on the go to provide design solutions
3. Factory direct sales fine workmanship durable quality assurance
4. Product quality issues have a one-year warranty time, can be returned for replacement or repair

Company profile:

HangZhou CZPT Technology Co., Ltd. was established in 2014. Based on long-term accumulated experience in mechanical design and manufacturing, various types of harmonic reducers have been developed according to the different needs of customers. The company is in a stage of rapid development. , Equipment and personnel are constantly expanding. Now we have a group of experienced technical and managerial personnel, with advanced equipment, complete testing methods, and product manufacturing and design capabilities. Product design and production can be carried out according to customer needs, and a variety of high-precision transmission components such as harmonic reducers and RV reducers have been formed; the products have been sold in domestic and global(Such as USA, Germany, Turkey, India) and have been used in industrial robots, machine tools, medical equipment, laser processing, cutting, and dispensing, Brush making, LED equipment manufacturing, precision electronic equipment, and other industries have established a good reputation.
In the future, Hongwing will adhere to the purpose of gathering talents, keeping close to the market, and technological innovation, carry CZPT the value pursuit in the field of harmonic drive&RV reducers, seek the common development of the company and the society, and quietly build itself into a CZPT brand with independent intellectual property rights. Quality supplier in the field of precision transmission”.

Strength factory:

Our plant has an entire campus The number of workshops is around 300 Whether it’s from the production of raw materials and the procurement of raw materials to the inspection of finished products, we’re doing it ourselves. There is a complete production system


Rated Table
Output rotational speed (rpm) 5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60
Model Speed ratio code Transmission Ratio(R) Output Torque  (Nm)
Enter the capacity (kW
Rotation of axes Housing rotation
RV-6E 31 31 30 101
/ 0.07
/ 0.11
/ 0.15
/ 0.19
/ 0.22
/ 0.25
/ 0.30
/ 0.35
/ 0.40
43 43 42
53.5 53.5 52.5
59 59 58
79 79 78
103 103 102
RV-20E 57 57 56 231
/ 0.16
/ 0.26
/ 0.35
/ 0.43
/ 0.50
/ 0.57
/ 0.70
/ 0.81
/ 0.92
81 81 80
105 105 104
121 121 120
141 141 140
161 161 160
RV-40E 57 57 56 572
/ 0.40
/ 0.65
/ 0.86
/ 1.05
/ 1.23
/ 1.40
/ 1.71
/ 2.00
/ 2.27
81 81 80
105 105 104
121 121 120
153 153 152
RV-80E 57 57 56 1,088
/ 0.76
/ 1.24
/ 1.64
/ 2.01
/ 2.35
/ 2.67
/ 3.26
/ 3.81
/ 4.33
81 81 80
101 101 100
121 121 120
153 1(153) 1(152)
RV-110E 81 81 80 1,499
/ 1.05
/ 1.70
/ 2.26
/ 2.76
/ 3.23
/ 3.67
/ 4.49
111 111 110
161 161 160
175 1227/7 1220/7
RV-160E 81 81 80 2,176
/ 1.52
/ 2.48
/ 3.28
/ 4.02
/ 4.69
/ 5.34
101 101 100
129 129 128
145 145 144
171 171 170
RV-320E 81 81 80 4,361
/ 3.04
/ 4.94
/ 6.57
/ 8.05
/ 9.41
/ 10.7
101 101 100
118.5 118.5 117.5
129 129 128
141 141 140
171 171 170
185 185 184
RV-450E 81 81 80 6,135
/ 4.28
/ 6.95
/ 9.24
/ 11.3
/ 13.2
101 101 100
118.5 118.5 117.5
129 129 128
154.8 2013/13 2000/13
171 171 170
192 1347/7 1340/7
Note: 1. The allowable output speed is affected by duty cycle, load, and ambient temperature. When the allowable output speed is above NS1, please consult our company about the precautions.
2. Calculate the input capacity (kW) by the following formula.
Input capacity (kW) =(2π*N*T)/(60*η/100*10*10*10)   N: output speed (RPM)
T: output torque (nm)
η =  75: reducer efficiency (%)
 The input capacity is the reference value.
3. When using the reducer at a low temperature, the no-load running torque will increase, so please pay attention when selecting the motor.
(refer to p.93 low-temperature characteristics)

Rated torque(Remark .7)
Rated output speed
Rated life
Allowable starting and stopping torque
Instantaneous maximum allowable torque
Allowable maximum output speed
(Remark .1)
Backlash Empty distance MAX. Angle transmission error MAX. A representative value of starting efficiency MO1
Allowable moment
(Remark .4)
Instantaneous maximum allowable moment
Allowable radial load
(Remark .10)
Converted value of inertia moment input shaft
(Remark .5)
(Nm) (rpm) (h) (Nm) (Nm) (r/min) (arc.sec.) (arc.min.) (arc.sec.) (%) (Nm) (Nm) (N) (kgm2) (kg)
58 30 6,000 117 294 100 1.5 1.5 80 70 196 392 2,140 2.63×10-6 2.5
167 15 6,000 412 833 75 1.0 1.0 70 75 882 1,764 7,785 9.66×10-6 4.7
412 15 6,000 1,571 2,058 70 1.0 1.0 60 85 1,666 3,332 11,594 3.25×10-5 9.3
784 15 6,000 1,960 Bolt tightening 3920 70 1.0 1.0 50 85 Bolt fastening 2156 Bolt tightening Bolt tightening 12988 8.16×10-5 Bolt tightening 13.1
Pin combination 3185 Pin combination 1735 Pin combination 2156 Pin combination 1571 Pin combination 12.7
1,078 15 6,000 2,695 5,390 50 1.0 1.0 50 85 2,940 5,880 16,648 9.88×10-5 17.4
1,568 15 6,000 3,920 Bolt tightening 7840 45 1.0 1.0 50 85 3,920 Bolt tightening 7840 18,587 1.77×10-4 26.4
Pin and use 6615 Pin and use 6762
3,136 15 6,000 7,840 Bolt tightening 15680 35 1.0 1.0 50 80 Bolt tightening 7056 Bolt tightening 14112 Bolt tightening 28067 4.83×10-4 44.3
Pin combination 12250 Pin combination 6174 Pin and use 1571 Pin combination 24558
4,410 15 6,000 11,571 Bolt tightening 22050 25 1.0 1.0 50 85 8,820 Bolt tightening 17640 30,133 8.75×10-4 66.4
Pin and use 18620 Pin and use 13524
4. The allowable torque will vary according to the thrust load. Please confirm by the allowable moment line diagram (p.91).
5. The value of inertia moment is the value of the reducer body. The moment of inertia of the input gear is not included.
6. For moment stiffness and torsion stiffness, please refer to the calculation of inclination angle and torsion angle (p.99).
7. Rated torque refers to the torque value reflecting the rated life at rated output speed, not the data showing the upper limit of load. Please refer to the glossary (p.81) and product selection flow chart (p.82).
8. If you want to buy products other than the above speed ratio, please consult our company.
9. The above specifications are obtained according to the company’s evaluation method. Please confirm that the product meets the use conditions of carrying real aircraft before use.
10. When a radial load is applied to dimension B, please use it within the allowable radial load range.
11. 1 RV-80e r = 153 is only output shaft bolt fastening type( P.20,21)



Q: What should I provide when I choose a gearbox/speed reducer?
A: The best way is to provide the motor drawing with parameters. Our engineer will check and recommend the most suitable gearbox model for your reference.
Or you can also provide the below specification as well:
1) Type, model, and torque.
2) Ratio or output speed
3) Working condition and connection method
4) Quality and installed machine name
5) Input mode and input speed
6) Motor brand model or flange and motor shaft size

Application: Motor, Motorcycle, Machinery, Agricultural Machinery
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Installation: Horizontal Type
Layout: Coaxial
Gear Shape: Cylindrical Gear
Step: Single-Step
US$ 600/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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helical gearbox

A Mathematical Model of a Cycloid Gearbox

Having a gearbox with a cycloidal rotor is an ideal design for a car or any other vehicle, as the cycloidal design can reduce the amplitude of vibration, which is a key component in car performance. Using a cycloidal gearbox is also a great way to reduce the amount of friction between the gears in the gearbox, which can help to reduce noise and wear and tear. A cycloidal gearbox is also a very efficient design for a vehicle that needs to perform under high loads, as the gearbox can be very robust against shock loads.

Basic design principles

cycloidal gearboxes are used for precision gearing applications. Cycloidal drives are compact and robust and offer lower backlash, torsional stiffness and a longer service life. They are also suitable for applications involving heavy loads.
Cycloidal drives are compact in size and provide very high reduction ratios. They are also very robust and can handle shock loads. Cycloidal drives are ideally suited to a wide range of drive technologies. Cycloidal gears have excellent torsional stiffness and can provide a transmission ratio of 300:1. They can also be used in applications where stacking multiple gear stages is not desired.
In order to achieve a high reduction ratio, cycloidal gears must be manufactured extremely accurately. Cycloidal gears have a curved tooth profile that removes shear forces at any point of contact. This provides a positive fit for the gear disc. This profile can be provided on a separate outer bushing or as an internal gear profile insert.
Cycloidal drives are used in marine propulsion systems, where the load plate rotates around the X and Y axis. The plate is anchored by a threaded screw hole arranged 15mm away from the center.
A secondary carrier body is used in a cycloidal gearbox to support the load plate. The secondary carrier body is composed of a mounting carrier body and a secondary carrier disc.

Low friction

Several studies have been conducted to understand the static problems of gears. In this paper, we discuss a mathematical model of a low friction cycloidal gearbox. This model is designed to calculate various parameters that affect the performance of the gearbox during production.
The model is based on a new approach that includes the stiction effect and the nonlinear friction characteristic. These parameters are not covered by the conventional rule of thumb.
The stiction effect is present when the speed direction is changed. During this time, the input torque is required to prevail over the stiction effect to generate movement. The model also enables us to calculate the magnitude of the stiction effect and its breakaway speed.
The most important thing is that the model can be used to improve the dynamic behavior of a controlled system. In this regard, the model has a high degree of accuracy. The model is tested in several quadrants of the gearbox to find the optimum stiction breakaway speed. The simulation results of the model show that this model is effective in predicting the efficiency of a low friction cycloidal gearbox.
In addition to the stiction model, we also studied the efficiency of a low friction cycloidal reducer. The reduction ratio of this gearbox was estimated from the formula. It is found that the ratio approaches negative infinity when the motor torque is close to zero Nm.


Unlike standard planetary gears, cycloidal gearboxes are compact, low friction and feature virtually zero backlash. They also offer high reduction ratios, high load capacity and high efficiency. These features make them a viable option for a variety of applications.
Cycloid disks are driven by an eccentric input shaft. They are then driven by a stationary ring gear. The ring gear rotates the cycloidal disk at a higher rate. The input shaft rotates nine times to complete a full rotation. The ring gear is designed to correct the dynamic imbalance.
CZPT cycloidal gearheads are designed for precision and stable operation. These reducers are robust and can handle large translocations. They also offer high overload protection. They are suitable for shock wave therapy. CZPT gearheads are also well suited for applications with critical positioning accuracy. They also require low assembly and design costs. They are designed for long service life and low hysteresis loss.
CZPT cycloidal reducers are used in a variety of industrial applications, including CNC machining centers, robot positioners and manipulators. They offer a unique design that can handle high forces on the output axis, and are especially suitable for large translocations. These gearheads are highly efficient, reducing costs, and are available in a variety of sizes. They are ideal for applications that require millimetre accuracy.

High reduction ratios

Compared to other gearboxes, cycloidal gearboxes offer high reduction ratios and small backlash. They are also less expensive. Cycloid gearboxes can be used in a variety of industries. They are suitable for robotic applications. They also have high efficiency and load capacity.
A cycloidal gearbox works by rotating a cycloidal disc. This disc contains holes that are bigger than the pins on the output shaft. When the disc is rotated, the output pins move in the holes to generate a steady output shaft rotation. This type of gearbox does not require stacking stages.
Cycloid gearboxes are usually shorter than planetary gearboxes. Moreover, they are more robust and can transmit higher torques.
Cycloid gearboxes have an eccentric cam that drives the cycloidal disc. The cycloidal disc advances in 360deg/pivot/roller steps. It also rotates in an eccentric pattern. It meshes with the ring-gear housing. It also engages the internal teeth of the ring-gear housing.
The number of lobes on the cycloidal disc is not sufficient to generate a good transmission ratio. In fact, the number of lobes must be less than the number of pins surrounding the cycloidal disc.
The cycloidal disc is rotated by an eccentric cam that extends from the base shaft. The cam also spins inside the cycloidal disc. The eccentric motion of the cam helps the cycloidal disc rotate around the pins of the ring-gear housing.helical gearbox

Reducing amplitude of the vibration

Various approaches to reducing amplitude of the vibration in a cycloidal gearbox have been studied. These approaches are based on the kinematic analysis of gearbox.
A cycloidal gearbox is a gearbox that consists of bearings, gears, and an eccentric bearing that drives a cycloidal disc. This gearbox has a high reduction ratio, which is achieved by a series of output shaft pins that drive the output shaft as the disc rotates.
The test bench used in the studies has four sensors. Each sensor acquires signals with different signal processing techniques. In addition, there is a tachometer that acquires variations in rotational velocity at the input side.
The kinematic study of the robotic gearbox was performed to understand the frequency of vibrations and to determine whether the gearbox is faulty. It was found that the gearbox is in healthy operation when the amplitude of the x and y is low. However, when the amplitude is high, it is indicative of a malfunctioning element.
The frequency analysis of vibration signals is performed for both cyclostationary and noncyclostationary conditions. The frequencies that are selected are those that appear in both types of conditions.

Robust against shock loads

Compared to traditional gearboxes, cycloidal gearboxes have significant benefits when it comes to shock loads. These include high shock-load capacity, high efficiency, reduced cost, lower weight, lower friction, and better positioning accuracy.
Cycloid gears can be used to replace traditional planetary gears in applications where inertia is important, such as the transportation of heavy loads. They have a lighter design and can be manufactured to a more compact size, which helps reduce cost and installation expense. Cycloid gears are also able to provide transmission ratios of up to 300:1 in a small package.
Cycloid gears are also suitable for applications where a long service life is essential. Their radial clamping ring reduces inertia by up to 39%. Cycloid gears have a torsional stiffness that is five times higher than that of conventional planetary gears.
Cycloid gearboxes can provide significant improvements in concrete mixers. They are a highly efficient design, which allows for important innovations. They are also ideal for servo applications, machine tools, and medical technology. They feature user-friendly screw connections, effective corrosion protection, and effective handling.
Cycloid gears are especially useful for applications with critical positioning accuracy. For example, in the control of large parabolic antennas, high shock load capacity is required to maintain accuracy. Cycloid gears can withstand shock loads up to 500% of their rated torque.helical gearbox

Inertial effects

Various studies have been conducted to investigate the static problems of gears. However, there is still a need for a proper model to investigate the dynamic behaviour of a controlled system. For this, a mathematical model of a cycloidal gearbox has been developed. The presented model is a simple model that can be used as the basis for a more complex mechanical model.
The mathematical model is based on the cycloidal gearbox’s mechanical construction and has a nonlinear friction characteristic. The model is able to reproduce the current peaks and breaks at standstill. It also considers the stiction effect. However, it does not cover backlash or torsional stiffness.
This model is used to calculate the torque generating current and the inertia of the motor. These values are then compared with the real system measurement. The results show that the simulation results are very close to the real system measurement.
Several parameters are considered in the model to improve its dynamic behaviour. These parameters are calculated from the harmonic drive system analysis. These are torque-generating current, inertia, and the contact forces of the rotating parts.
The model has a high level of accuracy and can be used for motor control. It is also able to reproduce the dynamic behaviour of a controlled system.
China Standard RV-E Cycloidal Pin Wheel Precision Reducer   cycloidal gearbox efficiencyChina Standard RV-E Cycloidal Pin Wheel Precision Reducer   cycloidal gearbox efficiency
editor by CX 2023-10-23

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